To be eligible for admission to a juvenile treatment court session, an individual must:
- Be under the jurisdiction of the district court pursuant to Chapter 7B of the General Statutes,
- Have a significant substance abuse problem that contributes to problems in the home, school or community, and
- Meet all other reasonable eligibility requirements established by the local court.
The DMHDDSAS State Plan identifies all target populations and also notes that with limited funds for treatment, there are "priority populations within target populations." The DMHDDSAS juvenile substance abuse priority populations are defined as:
- Children and adolescents who are involved in the juvenile justice or the social services system, who are having problems in school or whose parent(s) are receiving substance abuse treatment services.
- Adult and child deaf persons who need special services provided by staff who have American Sign Language skills and knowledge of the deaf culture.
- Adult and child clients who have co-occurring physical disabilities.
- Adult and child homeless clients.
Youth Treatment Courts are operational in the following counties:
- Durham (District 14)
- Forsyth (District 21)
- Mecklenburg (District 26)
All YTCs in North Carolina are post-adjudication.